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Brick Types

For millennia, brick have been produced regionally worldwide in various local non-standardized sizes. No matter where or how the brick was produced and what size it was, they always had one thing in common, they were laid by one mason picking up one brick at a time. Today brick are produced to more standardized sizes with some regional sizes still available. For the most part, though, the old rule still applies; brick is laid one at a time by one craftsman.

Today’s brick is produced in two basic methods, moulded brick and extruded brick. Both types of brick have the same physical makeup and do not differ in quality or weather ability. Each has its own visual appeal and worth in the marketplace. No matter what type of brick you select, there is a variety of sizes, colors, textures, shapes, and thin brick available in the same material for you to utilize on your project.

Moulded Brick

The more traditional method of brick manufacturing is soft mud moulding, which includes sand struck moulded brick, waterstruck brick, and handmade sanded brick.

Extruded Brick

The more modern and popular method of brick manufacturing is stiff mud extrusion; types include dieskin (smooth), wirecut, and glazed. Extruded brick is produced when low moisture clay is extruded under pressure through a die to produce the distinct brick shape. Different textures can be applied to extruded brick during manufacturing process, such as light or heavy sand, wirecut, rolled edges, or glazes. Extruded brick tend to be more regular in size and texture than sand moulded or handmade brick. A defining characteristic of extruded brick is the core holes running through the bed. Despite rumors, core holes are there only to lighten the brick and aid in drying the clay before firing and does not assist or take away from the structural strength of the brick.

Brick Types Links

Carolina Ceramics DIY Network
Brick Making Process courtesy of Carolina Ceramics
The Basics of Brickwork Details courtesy of Glen-Gery